Notes on the dating of the homeric poems
The Greek alphabet was introduced in the early 8th century, so it is possible that Homer himself was of the first generation of authors who were also literate. Powell suggests that the Greek Alphabet was invented c.
800 BC by one man, probably Homer, in order to write down oral epic poetry.
, Hómēros), is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, and is revered as the greatest ancient Greek epic poet.
These epics are at the beginning of the Western canon of literature, and have had an enormous influence on the history of literature. Herodotus estimates that Homer lived 400 years before Herodotus' own time, which would place him at around 850 BC; For modern scholars "the date of Homer" refers not to an individual, but to the period when the epics were created.
The Batrachomyomachia, Homeric Hymns and cyclic epics are generally agreed to be later than the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Most scholars agree that the Iliad and Odyssey underwent a process of standardisation and refinement out of older material beginning in the 8th century BC.
Fragments of Homer account for about half of all ancient Greek papyrus finds.An important role in this standardisation appears to have been played by the Athenian tyrant Hipparchus, who reformed the recitation of Homeric poetry at the Panathenaic festival.Many classicists hold that this reform must have involved the production of a canonical written text.and although nothing definite is known about him, traditions arose purporting to give details of his birthplace and background.The satirist Lucian, in his True History, describes him as a Babylonian called Tigranes, who assumed the name Homer when taken "hostage" (homeros) by the Greeks.
The association with Chios dates back to at least Semonides of Amorgos, who cited a famous line in the Iliad (6.146) as by "the man of Chios".