Harrier ii stol v validating
Ia merupakan hasil kerjasama Amerika Syarikat-Britain ke atas Hawker Siddeley Harrier dan Sea Harrier.
Peranan utama pesawat ini adalah dalam serangan ringan atau tugas pelbagai peranan, dan biasanya dioperasikan dari kapal pengangkut pesawat, kapal penyerang amfibia dan pangkalan operasi hadapan.
In my previous post I covered the early experimental prototype V/STOL combat aircraft of the 1950’s and early 1960’s.
The following is a brief history on developed in the late 1960’s through to the late 1970’s, including further experimental prototypes, operational aircraft and those developed in the Soviet Union.
Today, the Harrier II is one of the top weapons of choice for ground troops in Iraq and Afghanistan who need effective air support. In tracing the Harrier II's history, Lon Nordeen highlights the teamwork, creativity, and innovation that went into the design, development, fielding, and operation of this unique aircraft. Later in Vietnam, efforts were directed at improving the aviators' response time to calls for air support.
This book chronicles the incredible development of this tactical fixed wing aircraft, a journey that, in the author's opinion, was successful solely because of the unswerving commitment of the U. Seeing V/STOL tactical airplanes as the only practical solution to this problem, the Marine Corps received their first AV-8As in 1971 and then set out to improve the Harrier's capability.
USMC aircraft were operated from amphibious assault ships, transport ships, aircraft carriers and from land bases.
The final Harrier variant was the AV-8S Matador and TAV-8S two-seat trainer operated by the Spanish Navy from their carriers from 1976 to 1998 (they received 11 AV-8S and 2 trainers).
The Harrier had a top speed of 1,176 km/h / 730 mph and could be operated from land bases, unprepared landing areas and aircraft/helicopter carriers but had a relatively short-range and limited weapons payload.
All AV-8’s were fitted with US communications, ejector seat, IFF equipment and weapons systems, the outer weapons pylons were rigged from the start for AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles and all magnesium components were replaced as they were more corrosive in the sea air.
The C models introduced from 1979 were upgraded AV-8A’s that had structural improvements to increase the airframe life along with the installation of ECM equipment and a new inertial navigation system installed along with improved VTOL performance.
In testing the VAK 191B only reached a speed of Mach 0.92 (the planned version was intended to be capable of speeds up to Mach 1.4).
The Harrier was generally superior in all round capability and with development of the Panavia Tornado strike aircraft by Italy, West Germany and the UK (planning began in 1968 and Italy left the VAK 191B program that same year), the VAK 191B project was cancelled as a combat aircraft.
This is the Harrier II's story, including its near-cancellation in the late 1970s during the Carter Administration, developmental challenges in the early 1980s, international growth path with the addition of night attack capability and radar to its success in the Gulf War, Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom.