Ancient coptic manuscript dating from
And since some [walked] in the way of righteousness while others walked in their transgressions, the twelve disciples were called.
One day he was with his disciples in Judea, and he found them gathered together and seated in pious observance.
The original Greek text of the gospel, of which this is a Coptic translation, is thought to have been written by a group of early gnostic Christians sometime between when the New Testament Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were penned and A. Numerous gospels appeared, often written in the names of the Apostles; these pseudonymous writings were revered as scripture by one group or another, although eventually most of them came to be labeled as "heretical" and proscribed by orthodox Christianity in later times.
This is a dramatic archaeological discovery of cultural interest, which offers an alternate portrayal from the first or second century of the relationship between Jesus and Judas, and enhances our knowledge of history and preservation of theological viewpoints from that period.
National Geographic realizes that the information provided by this document is complex and deserves a great deal of further study and assessment, a process that will take time.
Because the manuscript had deteriorated so badly during the past 30 years, restoring, conserving, and translating its text has been an enormous undertaking.
It is possible for you to reach it, but you will grieve a great deal.
 For someone else will replace you, in order that the twelve [disciples] may again come to completion with their god.""Why are you thinking in your hearts about the strong and holy generation?
This included submitting minute samples of the papyrus to a rigorous radiocarbon-dating process, analyzing the ink, submitting the manuscript to multispectral imaging, and consulting with leading scholars well-versed in the fields of paleography and codicology.
The National Geographic Society collaborated with the Maecenas Foundation for Ancient Art and the Waitt Institute for Historical Discovery.
Codices were the preferred form for scriptural or classical texts, as they could contain a lot more information than scrolls and were easier to manage.